- 09 Nov
- Written by Super User
Anyone that cares to know about copper toxicity, Wilson's disease, anxiety, estrogen dominance and mental health issues, will no doubt run into the term Ceruloplasmin.
What is Ceruloplasmin?
"Ceruloplasmin (or caeruloplasmin) is a ferroxidase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CP gene. Ceruloplasmin is the major copper-carrying protein in the blood, and in addition plays a role in iron metabolism. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceruloplasmin
Copper is an essential trace metal which plays a fundamental role in the biochemistry of the nervous system. Several chronic neurological conditions involving copper metabolic disorders are well documented like Wilson’s Disease and Menkes Disease. Mutations in the copper/zinc enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) have been shown to be a major factor in the motor neuron degeneration in conditions like familial ALS and similar effects on Cu/Zn SOD to be a factor in other conditions such as autism, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and non-familial ALS. This condition can result in zinc deficient SOD and oxidative damage involving nitric oxide, peroxynitrite, and lipid peroxidation, which have been found to affect glutamate mediated excitability and apoptosis of nerve cells and effects on mitochondria. These effects can be reduced by zinc supplementation, as well as supplementation with antioxidants and nitric oxide-suppressing agents and peroxynitrite scavengers such as Vit C, Vit E, lipoic acid, Coenzyme Q10, carnosine, gingko biloba, N-acetylcysteine, turmeric, etc. Some of the antioxidants were also found to have protective effects through increasing catalase and SOD action, while reducing lipid peroxidations. Curcumin as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and lipophilic action improves the cognitive functions in patients with AD. A growing body of evidence indicates that oxidative stress, free radicals, beta amyloid, cerebral deregulation caused by bio-metal toxicity and abnormal inflammatory reactions contribute to the key event in Alzheimer’s disease pathology. Due to various effects of curcumin, such as decreased Beta-amyloid plaques, delayed degradation of neurons, metal-chelation, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and decreased microglia formation, the overall memory in patients with AD has improved. Ceruloplasmin in plasma can be similarly affected by copper metabolism dysfunction, like SOD function, and is often a factor in neurodegeneration.